What Is American Centrifuge?

American Centrifuge Plant staff

The American Centrifuge is an advanced U.S. gas centrifuge uranium enrichment technology for fueling commercial nuclear power plants in the United States and around the world.

The American Centrifuge Plant will be a long-term, reliable and secure source of fuel for America’s nuclear plants, which provide 20 percent of the country’s electricity.

The American Centrifuge Plant will play a major role in supporting U.S. energy and national security.

Construction of the plant and manufacturing of the centrifuge machines by companies in America involved in the project could create nearly 8,000 jobs in the United States. Manufacturing activities will also help re-establish a high tech infrastructure for producing nuclear-grade components and support systems.

Centrus intends the American Centrifuge Plant to replace its previous energy-intensive, Cold-War era production facility. This transition will reduce greenhouse-gas emissions by millions of tons annually compared to Centrus’ previous  enrichment technology.

Completion of the project will be the successful result of decades of research by American scientists and engineers and a substantial investment of capital and resources by the U.S. government and American companies to develop the most productive uranium enrichment technology in the world.

What's At Stake?

If the American Centrifuge Project does not proceed, America will lose an important national energy asset that offers many potential benefits:

  • America’s nuclear power plants risk becoming totally dependent upon sources of nuclear fuel controlled by foreign companies. In 1993, America produced more than 90 percent of the enriched uranium used in its nuclear reactors, but by 2008 only 15 percent of the enriched uranium fueling American reactors had been produced domestically.
  • The more than 400 existing U.S. jobs and more than 7,000 potential jobs that could be created because of the project will disappear.
  • The extensive nuclear manufacturing base that has been created to support centrifuge machine and balance-of-plant manufacturing will go unused and likely disappear.
  • America risks losing its prominent place in global discussions about nuclear nonproliferation and restricting access to sensitive enrichment technologies.
  • The American taxpayers’ investment of more than $3 billion dollars and Centrus’ investment of more than $2.6 billion will only pay off if the plant is built. Additionally, royalties that would be paid to the U.S. government from Centrus’ commercialization of the technology will not be generated.

Critical to National Security

The United States is at risk of losing its only future capability to enrich uranium to meet key national security needs.

Nuclear Power Leadership