Centrus Energy Corp. and its predecessors have supplied low enriched uranium to utilities around the world for more than 50 years.

CalutronThe U.S. government began enriching uranium in the 1940s for defense purposes.  In the 1960s, it began providing commercial sales of enriched uranium to the commercial nuclear power industry worldwide.  Over the next twenty years, the U.S. government’s uranium enrichment complex became the primary supplier of low-enriched uranium to reactor operators around the world, helping to promote the peaceful use of nuclear power and advance the nation’s nonproliferation agenda.

In the 1970s, the Nixon administration first proposed the privatization of the government’s enrichment business.  Two decades later, the Energy Policy Act of 1992 created the United States Enrichment Corporation, a government corporation, out of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Uranium Enrichment Enterprise, with plans to eventually fully privatize the government’s uranium enrichment organization. The new government corporation began operations in July 1993.

The U.S. government sold the company in an initial public offering in 1998, and USEC Inc., a private, investor-owned company, began trading on the New York Stock Exchange. Proceeds from the sale provided more than $3 billion to the U.S. Treasury.  The company continued to operate the country’s Cold War era enrichment plants safely and efficiently until the last one was shut down for economic reasons in 2013.

In the early 1990s, the United States and Russia reached a landmark agreement that would turn former Soviet nuclear weapons material into fuel to power America’s civilian nuclear reactors.  The company played a key role in implementing the deal, marketing the downblended material to U.S. utilities and arranging for deliveries.  From 1993 to 2013, the “Megatons to Megawatts” partnership provided enough fuel to generate 10% of America’s electricity needs.  It was the most successful non-proliferation effort in history – eliminating more than 20,000 warheads worth of weapons-grade material.  That corresponds to the elimination of three bomb equivalents per day for twenty years.

After a financial restructuring in 2014, the company re-emerged as Centrus Energy Corp., with a stronger balance sheet and a new board of directors.   Centrus successfully demonstrated LEU enrichment from 2014 to 2016 at the American Centrifuge Plant in Piketon, Ohio.   In late 2023, as part of a contract with the U.S. Department of Energy, Centrus began first-of-a-kind production of High-Assay, Low-Enriched Uranium (HALEU) for advanced reactors, making the American Centrifuge Plant the first U.S.-owned, U.S. technology enrichment plant to start production since 1954.   Centrus is continuing to provide low-enriched uranium to utilities in the United States and around the world using supplies we purchase from other primary and secondary suppliers; the company has long-term sales and supply contracts through the end of the decade.  At the same time, Centrus’ goal is to forge a public-private partnership that will enable us to expand the capacity of the American Centrifuge Plant to meet the full range of commercial and national security requirements for enriched uranium, including LEU and HALEU.